Contraindications for Massage Therapy Contraindications are certain conditions that a person may have that could be aggravated by the application of Massage Therapy. Although certain conditions may be absolute contraindications, there may be cases where massage can be applied, provided a doctor’s approval has been attained and the massage treatment has been adjusted. Often Cautions are included under contraindications. In these cases, the type of massage may need to be adjusted, certain parts may best be avoided or special client care may be attended to. Quite often in these cases specific massage techniques may assist the client with the condition. A Doctor’s approval is not necessarily required for conditions listed as ‘cautions.
Covid 19 Vaccinations: Due to increase risk of blood clots a minimum of 2 weeks should be waited to receive massage. Other known side effects include kidney and liver disease, fever, tremors, seizures, fever, rash/hives.
Abnormal body temperature: A normal body temperature is 99.9 Degrees F. If a client has a fever, massage could increase it. A fever may be caused by vaccinations or early signs of the flu-Acute Inflammatory Conditions (rheumatoid arthritis, bursitis, tendonitis) The signs of inflammation are redness, heat, pain, swelling and reduced function. The area that is inflamed will only be made worse with massage because more blood will travel to the area.
Rheumatoid Arthritis: If joints are actively inflamed they need to be avoided. However if the condition is chronic, massage can be of assistance
Bursitis: Avoid totally
Injuries (sprains, strains, broken bones): At least 48 hours after injury
Bacterial Infections: Can often present with pustules-needs to be avoided as can lead to systemic infection
Acute Infectious Conditions: Massage will only intensify the illness. Examples include Hepatitis A, food poisoning, influenza,immunization.With Hepatitis the increased circulation could place added stress on the liver and also leave the client feeling ‘groggy’.
Recent surgery: Massage can be of great benefit to clients post surgery but a physicians approval should be obtained first. Massage can assist with the reduction of scar tissue.
Recent Injury: The time to wait after an injury before massage should be administered can vary depending on the type of injury and the severity. The minimum is normally 48 hours.RICE should be administered in the acute stages.
Skin Disorders:The presence of pustules represents conditions that could be spread by massage. The following conditions can be contagious-Warts, boils, acne, impetigo, herpes simplex, tinea, ringworm, scabies.The following could be aggravated by massage-bites/stings, eczema and psoriasis. If eczema or psoriasis is not infected or looking red then massage may be of assistance and may help the client feel better about this part of the body.
Thrombosis: A thrombosis is a blood clot. It can be lodged in avein-DVT (deep vein thrombosis). Massage is contraindicated because it may dislodge the clot which could send it through the circulation where it could lodge in the lungs causing a pulmonary embolism-a life threatening condition. Risk factors include: Prolonged bed rest, Immobility-especially hip fracture, joint replacement or spinal cord injury, Recent heart attack, Congestive heart failure, Shock, Recently given birth, Recent surgery, Venous catheters. Signs and symptoms are:Inflammation-pain/swelling, Deep muscle tenderness (unexplained), Fever and general malaise, Swelling, tenderness or pain along the vein. Common sites are: Soleus muscle and posterior tibial and peroneal veins, Femoral vein, Ileofemoral veins, Calf veins. Treatment: People with these conditions or are in a high risk group may be put on blood thinning medication such as Warfarin or Heparin. People taking blood thinners should be given a physicians approval before commencing massage treatment because they can be bruised easily which can lead to internal bleeding.
Heart Failure: If a person is suffering from right/left sided or congestive (both) heart failure a Doctor’s approval should be received before commencing massage treatment. Returning blood flow can place extra strain on the heart.
Hypertension: Blood pressure that is being regularly monitored by a doctor and is under control doesn’t need a Doctor’s approval before treatment. Massage can actually assist the hypertensive client keep blood pressure down. If people are on blood pressure medication, it is likely that they will feel dizzy when they get up from the table. The therapist should remain with them and ask them to sit for a couple minutes before getting off the table. If a clients blood pressure isn’t controlled, speaking to their Doctor or getting an approval is advised.
Varicose Veins: Massaging varicose veins is contraindicated because the pressure applied could damage the already weak structure and cause parts of the vein or a blood clot to be released into the circulation (an emboli) placing the person at risk of pulmonary embolism. Massage can assist a person with varicose veins by returning blood back to the heart. If a client has varicose veins, the therapist should drain the area above the vein and never massage the vein directly.
Phlebitis: Inflammation of a vein accompanied by pain and swelling. This may be caused by surgery, infection or injury or for no apparent reason. Often in Phlebitisa blood clot forms along the wall of the inflamed veins.
Aneurysm: This is a localized dilation of a blood vessel-usually an artery. It is usually located in the Aorta, thorax, abdomen and sometimes in the cranium. Anyone with an Aneurysm should bring a referral from their Doctor stating that massage is ok.
Haematoma: This is a mass of blood trapped in tissue cavities of the body. Contusions or bruises are common types of haematomas that are generally not too serious. They occur as a result of impact that is severe enough to break a blood vessel. Massage is contraindicated in the acute stages. Once the area has lightened in color, light massage will enhance healing.
Edema: Edema is due to excess amount of fluid in tissue spaces. Pitting edema means that if a finger is pressed into it an indentation remains for some time.Non-pitting edema occurs as a result of local infection, trauma or renal disease. There are many causes of edema and it is important to know what the cause is before proceeding with massage. Edema that will benefit from massage: Back pressure in the veins due to immobility, Lymphatic blockage (consult with Doctor first) edema that is contraindicated: Liver or kidney disease, Inflammation from infection or trauma, Toxemia of pregnancy, Heart failure edema.
Pregnancy: The massage should always be soothing and relaxing. If there is a history of miscarriage-avoid massage in the first trimester. Avoid deep abdominal massage during the entire pregnancy and for 3 months after childbirth. Avoid massage if the person is toxemic.